Maxillofacial surgery

Wisdom tooth extraction

Wisdom Tooth Extraction

For most wisdom teeth that do not reach the level of the general chewing plane, it is a rough guideline to remove them by the age of 30 to prevent potential infections and other later problems. In some cases, the removal of wisdom teeth is also necessary in the context of braces or aligner treatments to make room for the remaining teeth. The vast majority of wisdom teeth can be removed in a short operation under local anesthesia.

Wisdom teeth removal is a dental procedure that is necessary for many people. Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last teeth in the mouth and usually erupt between the late teens and early twenties. While some lucky people have no problems with their wisdom teeth, others develop various ailments that necessitate removal. As a rough guide here, most wisdom teeth that do not reach the level of general chewing need to be removed by age 30.

A common problem is limited space in the oral cavity. If there is not enough room in the jaw for the wisdom teeth, they may grow at an angle or only partially erupt. This can lead to pain, inflammation, and affect the surrounding gums and other teeth. Furthermore, the cleaning of only partially erupted wisdom teeth is difficult. 


Another challenge occurs when the wisdom teeth are wedged in the jawbone and cannot erupt properly. This is called impacted teeth, which can cause cyst formation, infections and even damage to the surrounding bone structures and neighboring teeth. In such cases, the removal of wisdom teeth is unavoidable to prevent possible long-term complications.

Preparation and follow-up: Before wisdom teeth removal, a thorough examination is usually performed, which includes X-rays. Sometimes, a 3D X-ray must also be performed. This helps the dentist or oral surgeon assess the exact location of the wisdom teeth in the jaw. Depending on the complexity of the procedure, patients may receive instructions before removal on how to prepare, for example, regarding food intake or medication.

After removal, appropriate follow-up care is important. For example, patients may experience swelling or pain in the first few days after the procedure. Adherence to instructions regarding oral hygiene, pain medication intake and diet, as well as any smoking cessation, is critical to ensure optimal healing.

Options of anesthesia: The choice of anesthesia depends on the complexity of the case and the personal preferences of the patient.

There are three options: local anesthesia (if desired, with relaxation drops), general anesthesia by the anesthesiologist in our office, or treatment under general anesthesia in the hospital.

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Risks and complications: Although wisdom tooth removal is a quick and safe procedure in most cases, as with all medical treatments, complications can occur. These include infection, bleeding, and temporary swelling.

You can find out in detail about all the possible risks and the course of the treatment in a detailed explanatory consultation.